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Vegetable Growing Season Chart/Calendar India

Growing vegetable crops in India is now easier with exponential growth.

Buy Organic Liquid Fertilizer Here

The concept of temperature control greenhouses and other technologies makes it easy for you to plan for vegetable seed sowing.

Nowadays, man-made things do a great job in setting an adequate temperature, such as a greenhouse. Also, provide artificial light and nutrients and timely water your crops. So, no need to invest a lot of effort and time to grow vegetables successfully in India. The only thing you need is the correct planning.

But, of course, we know the value and freshness of organic farming or you can say ’home gardening’. This not only provides you with healthy fresh nutrient-rich food and the taste of your own garden but also protects the environment from harmful chemical fertilizer. What can be better than this? Grow fresh, Grow More!

So, let’s take a deep look. Here we are disclosing a vegetable seeds calendar that helps you plan to grow your own summer vegetables and winter vegetables at home in India.

As we know, our country is rich in diverse plant species, home to almost every kind of topographical possible. From mountains to plains, our mother nature is the shelter of many beautiful species. Definitely, it is difficult for us to plan this vegetable growing season chart/calendar, but we have done the best for you. With a general sowing season in respect to North India and South India, this list completes.

However, to get the most accurate details about your village, city, or town, we recommend you consult with your local gardening experts. Here you will find vegetable sowing calendar north India, vegetable growing season chart India, vegetable sowing calendar south india.

Vegetable Seeds Sowing Calendar/Chart At Home In India


Sr. No. Name of Vegetable North India Growing Season South India Growing Season Germination Temp. (in °C) Method of Sowing Sowing Depth (inches) Sowing Distance (inches/feet) Days to Maturity
1 Onion May-Jun Mar-Apr May-Jun Sept-Oct 10-32 Transplant 0.25 Between Seeds - 4 ft. Between Rows - 6 ft 150-160 days
2 Bottle Gourd Feb-Mar Jun-Jul Nov-Dec Dec-Jan Jun-Jul 20-30 Direct 1-2 Between Seeds - 1 ft Between Rows - 4 ft 55-60 days
3 Carrot Aug-Sept-Oct Aug-Nov 10-30 Direct 0.25 Between Seeds - 2” Between Rows - 1.5 ft 75-80 days
4 Tomato Jun-Aug Nov-Dec Jan-Feb Jun-Jul Oct-Nov 20-30 Transplant 0.25 Between Seeds - 1 ft Between Rows - 2.5 ft 110-115 days
5 Melon Feb-Mar Jun-Jul Jan-Feb Mar-Jun Oct-Dec 22-32 Direct 1 Between Rows - 18”-24” 70-85 days
6 Potato Oct-Dec Oct-Dec 4 Direct 4 Between Rows - 12”-18” 70-120 days
7 Cabbage Sept-Oct Jun-Jul Oct-Nov 10-20 Transplant 0.25 Between Seeds - 1 ft Between Rows - 1.5 ft 90-100 days
8 Beans Feb-Mar - 16-30 Direct 1-1.5 Between Seeds - 8” Between Rows - 18” 45-50 days
9 Broccoli Aug-Sept Aug-Sept 21-23 Transplant 1.5 Between Seeds - 1 ft Between Rows - 1.5 ft 90-100 days
10 Cauliflower (Late) Aug-Sept-Oct Jun-Jul 16-20 Transplant 0.5 Between Seeds - 2 ft Between Rows - 2 ft 120-125 days
11 Cauliflower (Mid-season) Sept-Oct Jun-Jul Aug-Sept 16 Transplant 0.5 Between Seeds - 2 ft Between Rows - 2 ft 120-125 days
12 Apple Gourd Feb-Mar Jun-Jul Feb-Mar Jun-Jul 20-30 Direct 1 Between Seeds - 12” Between rows - 12” 70-80 days
13 Cucumber Feb-Mar Jun-Jul Jun-Jul Sept-Oct Dec-Jan 16-32 Direct 0.5 Between Rows - 12” 50-70 days
14 Corn Oct-Nov Sept-Oct 10 Direct 1-1.5 Between Seeds - 4”-6” Between Rows - 30”-36” 60-100 days
15 Lettuce Sept-Oct Oct-Dec 7-27 Direct/Transplant Surface Sow, cover lightly with soil Between Rows - 8”-12” 45-55 days
16 Radish Aug-Jan -depends- 10-30 Direct 0.5 Between Seeds - 2”-3” Between Rows - 12” 40-45 days
17 Pumpkin Jan-Mar Sept-Dec May-Jun Jun-Jul Dec-Jan 20-35 Direct 1 Between Seeds - 24”-48” 70-75 days
18 Bitter Gourd Feb-Mar Jun-Jul Nov-Dec Dec-Jan Jun-Jul 20-30 Direct 0.5 Between Seeds - 1 ft Between Rows - 4 ft 55-60 days
19 Okra Feb-Mar Jun-Jul Jan-Feb May-Jun Oct-Dec 20-32 Direct 0.5 Between Seeds - 12” Between Rows - 18” 45-50 days
20 Cauliflower (Early) Mid-June Jun-Jul Aug-Sept 25-27 Transplant 0.5 Between Seeds - 2 ft Between Rows - 2 ft 120-125 days
21 Capsicum Nov-Jun May-Jun Jan-Feb May-Jun Oct-Nov 15-25 Transplant 0.25-0.5 Between Seeds - 1.5 ft. Between Rows - 1.5 ft. 95-100 days
22 Spinach Sept-Nov Feb Sept-Oct-Nov 10-22 Direct 0.5 Between Seeds - 3” Between Rows - 9” 60 days
23 Peas Sept-Oct-Nov Sept-Oct-Nov 10-22 Direct 1 Between Seeds - 4” Between Rows - 12” 55-60 days
24 Beetroot Oct-Nov Aug-Nov 10-30 Direct 1 Between Seeds - 4” Between Rows - 18” 80-90 days
25 Turnip Oct-Nov Oct-Nov 15-35 Direct 0.5 Between Seeds - 4” Between Rows - 1.5 ft 40-50 days

Of course, we can’t list all the vegetables grown in India, but we list some of the more loving and growing vegetables. So, get ready and start sowing the seeds of vegetables which you like with all organic ways.

If you are a beginner and first-time step towards organic home gardening, you should read out our blogs to take a deep breath of all the steps, tips, and key points.

Here we have compiled a list of easy-to-grow veggies with high yield, perfect for beginners.
If you want a fast-growing veggie, Lettuce is one of them. It grows more easily than other veggies and is ready for harvest in 35-42 days. It is healthy and delicious if you care properly. Read about - How To Grow Lettuce At Home?

Whether you have a small terrace garden or a large backyard, Spinach should definitely be on your list. It can grow well in both sunlight and shades, one of the easiest growing vegetables, which you can grow at home. After sowing the first seeds, they will be ready for harvest within 37-50 days. Also, read - How To Grow Spinach At Home?

If you are a lover of yummy salad, Beetroot is the best option for you. Known for both sweet roots and foliage that you can plant in your backyard. Beet leaf salad will be ready for harvest after almost 21 days of the plantation. If you want to taste its delicious roots, then you have to wait 24 days more!
Another vegetable that should grow at home is Radish. Commonly enjoyed in almost every Indian household, especially as a raw salad. Plant this taproot radish at home to enjoy the homegrown taste within 24-60 days of the plantation. Read more about - How To Grow Radishes?

If you don’t have too much space to carry pots and containers, we recommend you grow Microgreens. This delicious tiny version of your favorite leafy veggie is best for those who look for healthy options and crunchy factors to their diet. Know more about How To Grow Microgreens?

Whatever you choose to grow from the above vegetable list, be sure to feed them with Organic Plant Food to complete their nutrient requirement, required for healthy growth.

We hope this vegetable seed sowing calendar/chart helps you to grow your favorite veggie at home. So, start plantation and take a step to an amazing journey to good health and organic gardening.


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